Appraisers are cautioning consumers to be aware of the difference between online home valuation services and an eyes-on, hands-on appraisal.
Internet home valuation sites, such as the recently-launched Zillow, and older sites like HomeGain and Domania provide an estimated value of residential property based on information available largely from public records, but also other sources.
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While the valuations can be a handy house-to-house comparison tool, a source for past sales prices or as a guesstimate of home value growth, they won't pass muster with lenders who need a certified appraisal to grant a home loan.
They also aren't reliable enough to use to set a sales price.
That's because they can't pinpoint a specific home's current value.
The sites use computerized data crunching tools called "automated valuation models," or AVMs. The crunching typically begins with public records -- tax assessments, deeds, demographics, property characteristics and sales price trends, but can also include data from mortgages, multiple listings and appraisals.
AVMs run an address and ZIP code through mathematical models to compare the home with others recently sold in the same area. Historical trends may be considered and some of the most sophisticated can take into account a home's unique characteristics -- number of bedrooms, baths, etc. -- and compare it with similar properties.
The results can vary widely, however, because:
- Each site interprets data differently.
- The websites don't all use the same pool of data.
- There's lag time before a sale is available as a public record that can be used in the data pool and those lag times vary from state to state and even from individual filing to individual filing.
- In some states property records are not available to the public.
Such a value spread is of questionable use, especially if you are trying to set a home's sales price.
Even real estate agents' "comparable sales" or "comps" go further.
Real estate agents use comps to set sales prices. Whenever possible, comps are culled from the most recent sales and listings in the same neighborhood as the house due to put up for sale. Typically the data is obtained from the local multiple listing service. The data can be insider information available only to real estate agents, including data that hasn't yet been filed as a public record or data that may not make it to public records. Comps are also homes as similar as possible to the home being valued, in terms of age, size, features, number of rooms, even floor plan and lot size.
An appraisal goes even further and can include a visual inspection to account for factors even comps can overlook, including recent upgrades, modernized appliances, floor-plan utility, and the age and condition of not just the home, but specific areas in the home such as a basement or detached garage.
The real danger is that someone will make a real estate decision based on the site rather than getting someone to perform an actual appraisal. A free Internet valuation might be adequate if you want a quick estimate, but when making decisions about your largest investment, there is no substitute for an appraisal. Order your appraisals online at http://www.homevalue123.com.